booting ubuntu in text mode

back-up grub:

sudo cp /etc/default/grub /etc/default/grub-orig

edit the following in /etc/default/grub:




update grub:

sudo update-grub

Set systemd target. The unit groups many daemons and starts services such as NetworkManager.service and activates another target unit named

sudo systemctl set-default

check default target:

systemctl get-default

The above command links to: /etc/systemd/system/

List all target units:

systemctl list-units --type target --all

To reset to graphical target:

sudo systemctl set-default 

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